The Nature of the Son

Long ago God spoke to the fathers by the prophets at different times and in different ways. In these last days, He has spoken to us by His Son. God has appointed Him heir of all things and made the universe[a] through Him. The Son is the radiance[b] of God’s glory and the exact expression[c] of His nature, sustaining all things by His powerful word. After making purification for sins,[d] He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.[e] So He became higher in rank than the angels, just as the name He inherited is superior to theirs.

The Son Superior to Angels

For to which of the angels did He ever say, You are My Son; today I have become Your Father,[f][g] or again, I will be His Father, and He will be My Son?[h] When He again[i] brings His firstborn into the world, He says, And all God’s angels must worship Him.[j] And about the angels He says:

He makes His angels winds,[k]

and His servants[l] a fiery flame,[m]

but to[n] the Son:

Your throne, God,

is forever and ever,

and the scepter of Your kingdom

is a scepter of justice.

You have loved righteousness

and hated lawlessness;

this is why God, Your God,

has anointed You

with the oil of joy

rather than Your companions.[o][p]

10 And:

In the beginning, Lord,

You established the earth,

and the heavens are the works of Your hands;

11 they will perish, but You remain.

They will all wear out like clothing;

12 You will roll them up like a cloak,[q]

and they will be changed like a robe.

But You are the same,

and Your years will never end.[r]

13 Now to which of the angels has He ever said:

Sit at My right hand

until I make Your enemies Your footstool?[s][t]

14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve those who are going to inherit salvation?


  1. Hebrews 1:2 Lit ages
  2. Hebrews 1:3 Or reflection
  3. Hebrews 1:3 Or representation, or copy, or reproduction
  4. Hebrews 1:3 Other mss read for our sins by Himself
  5. Hebrews 1:3 Or He sat down on high at the right hand of the Majesty
  6. Hebrews 1:5 Or have begotten You
  7. Hebrews 1:5 Ps 2:7
  8. Hebrews 1:5 2Sm 7:14; 1Ch 17:13
  9. Hebrews 1:6 Or And again, when He
  10. Hebrews 1:6 Dt 32:43 LXX; Ps 97:7
  11. Hebrews 1:7 Or spirits
  12. Hebrews 1:7 Or ministers
  13. Hebrews 1:7 Ps 104:4
  14. Hebrews 1:8 Or about
  15. Hebrews 1:9 Or associates
  16. Hebrews 1:9 Ps 45:6-7
  17. Hebrews 1:12 Other mss omit like a cloak
  18. Hebrews 1:12 Ps 102:25-27
  19. Hebrews 1:13 Or enemies a footstool for Your feet
  20. Hebrews 1:13 Ps 110:1