The Yeast of the Pharisees and the Sadducees

The Pharisees and Sadducees approached, and as a test, asked Him to show them a sign from heaven.

He answered them: “When evening comes you say, ‘It will be good weather because the sky is red.’ And in the morning, ‘Today will be stormy because the sky is red and threatening.’ You[a] know how to read the appearance of the sky, but you can’t read the signs of the times.[b] An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of[c] Jonah.” Then He left them and went away.

The disciples reached the other shore,[d] and they had forgotten to take bread.

Then Jesus told them, “Watch out and beware of the yeast[e] of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”

And they discussed among themselves, “We didn’t bring any bread.”

Aware of this, Jesus said, “You of little faith! Why are you discussing among yourselves that you do not have bread? Don’t you understand yet? Don’t you remember the five loaves for the 5,000 and how many baskets you collected? 10 Or the seven loaves for the 4,000 and how many large baskets you collected? 11 Why is it you don’t understand that when I told you, ‘Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees,’ it wasn’t about bread?” 12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the yeast in bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Peter’s Confession of the Messiah

13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi,[f] He asked His disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”[g]

14 And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15 “But you,” He asked them, “who do you say that I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God!”

17 And Jesus responded, “Simon son of Jonah,[h] you are blessed because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father in heaven. 18 And I also say to you that you are Peter,[i] and on this rock[j] I will build My church, and the forces[k] of Hades will not overpower it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth is already bound[l] in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth is already loosed[m] in heaven.”

20 And He gave the disciples orders to tell no one that He was[n] the Messiah.

His Death and Resurrection Predicted

21 From then on Jesus began to point out to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, be killed, and be raised the third day. 22 Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, “Oh no,[o] Lord! This will never happen to You!”

23 But He turned and told Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me because you’re not thinking about God’s concerns,[p] but man’s.”

Take Up Your Cross

24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone wants to come with Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me. 25 For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life because of Me will find it. 26 What will it benefit a man if he gains the whole world yet loses his life? Or what will a man give in exchange for his life? 27 For the Son of Man is going to come with His angels in the glory of His Father, and then He will reward each according to what he has done. 28 I assure you: There are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”


  1. Matthew 16:3 Other mss read Hypocrites! You
  2. Matthew 16:3 Other mss omit When (v. 2) through end of v. 3
  3. Matthew 16:4 Other mss add the prophet
  4. Matthew 16:5 Lit disciples went to the other side
  5. Matthew 16:6 Or leaven
  6. Matthew 16:13 A town north of Galilee at the base of Mount Hermon
  7. Matthew 16:13 Other mss read that I, the Son of Man, am
  8. Matthew 16:17 Or son of John
  9. Matthew 16:18 Peter (Gk Petros) = a specific stone or rock
  10. Matthew 16:18 Rock (Gk petra) = a rocky crag or bedrock
  11. Matthew 16:18 Lit gates
  12. Matthew 16:19 Or earth will be bound
  13. Matthew 16:19 Or earth will be loosed
  14. Matthew 16:20 Other mss add Jesus
  15. Matthew 16:22 Lit Mercy to You = May God have mercy on You
  16. Matthew 16:23 Lit about the things of God